The work of Viktor E. Frankl rests on two basic foundations:
I. foundation is meaning. At the heart of logotherapy is the realization that man, by his nature, is oriented toward meaning and values. A person must have goals in life that he tries to achieve, with which he grows and becomes more mature. It is, therefore, about each of us having to discover the strengths and capabilities we possess and use them meaningfully, even in adverse circumstances.
II. the foundation is the spiritual dimension which, according to Frankl, is the decisive human dimension. It stands in opposition to the somatic (body), the psychic (mind) dimension, it can shape things, it can adapt, it can distance itself. It allows us not to accept everything, not to allow ourselves everything, both from others and from ourselves.
The fate that befalls is represented by Frankl as the ground on which we move. How we do it, what attitude we choose towards it, depends on us. In this respect man is, as a spiritual being, free.